Help children as an early childhood educator

To ensure that young children have the best start, early identification of any delays is essential. To achieve this, those who have contact with young children need information about and awareness of children’s development and raising concerns. Educators need to use identified tools and their sound of knowledge about children development effectively to make sure the identification happens as early as possible. Simeonsson (1991, pp.44) has stated that no matter what the level of observational skills by parents or professional, improvements can be made by knowing what to look for. Make sure the exchange of information flows both ways from families and professionals, indeed early childhood services can develop programs that are more responsive to family priorities and more sensitive to children’s individual strengths, preferences and needs. Parents and professionals need to work as partners, and stand in each other’s position better to know each other indeed to help the child effectively. Equally importance knows what to do next to follow up those concerns have identified that educator need to develop the necessary skills beside support and specialist services, children with developmental disabilities and delays have a right to the same learning and social opportunities as other children. Similarly, their families have a right to specialist support services to help them meet their children’s needs and live as normal lives as possible.
Reference:
Simeonsson, R.J. (1991), Early intervention eligibility: A prevention perspective.
Infants and young children, 3(4), 55.

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Three ways to respond

There are a great many ways to respond to others’ ideas but the chapter 4 of book “They say, I say” concentrates on the three most common and recognizable ways, they are agreeing, disagreeing or some combination of both. Although each way of responding is open to endless variation, we focus on these three because readers come to any text needing to learn fairly quickly where the writer stands, and they do this by placing the writer on a mental map consisting of a few familiar options which is either the writer agrees, disagrees or both. Especially with difficult texts when we also need to determine whether the writer is agreeing with it, challenging it, or some mixture of the two. Some of us may object that these three basic ways of responding don’t cover all the options. They might think that when you interpret a literary work, they don’t necessarily agree or disagree with anything but simply explain the work’s meaning, style or structure. But I would say that the most interesting interpretations in fact tend to be those that agree, disagree, or both. In fact, there would be no reason to offer an interpretation of a work of literature or at unless we were responding to the interpretations or possible interpretations of others.
Reference:
Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein – They Say, I Say: The Moves that Matter in
Academic Writing. NY: Norton, 2006.

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Disagreement and agreement

Disagreeing may seem like one of the simpler movers a writer can make, and it is often the first thing people associate with critical thinking. Disagreeing can also be the easiest way to generate an essay. When someone disagrees with an idea, he/she has to offer persuasive reasons why ht/she disagree. After all, disagreeing means more than adding ‘not’ to what someone else has said, more than that you need to give reasons to support what you say. Such a response merely contradicts the view it responds to and fails to add anything interesting or new.
Like disagreeing, agreeing is less simple than it may appear. When someone agrees with something, he/she needs to do more than simply echo view they agree with. It’s important to bring something new and fresh to the table, adding something that makes them a valuable participant in the conversation. Their text then can usefully contribute to the conversation simply by pointing out unnoticed implications or explaining something that needs to be better understood. The point is that to add and open up some difference or contrast between their position and the one they are agreeing with rather than simply parroting what it says.
The most important thing is that as the chapter 4 of book “They say, I say” mentioned that whether if someone is agreeing, disagreeing or both agreeing and disagreeing. What they need to do is to be as clear as possible, and making a frank statement that they are ambivalent is one way to be clear.
Reference:
Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein – They Say, I Say: The Moves that Matter in
Academic Writing. NY: Norton, 2006.

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Complicated nature of progress

Wright’s article(2006) indicates that the progress sometimes serve us very well as we always want better lives and better tools, but on the other hand we need to recognise its dangers. Our culture and civilization progress mainly measure by technology, however Wright (2006) argued that progress can lead beyond reason to catastrophe, in details technology progress sometimes could reach an impasse by threatening to destroy the planet on which it arose. Wright emphasised in his article (2006) that a seductive trail of successes has often ended in a trap which he called “progress trap”. Most problems with technology are the scales of the pollution and it’s easy to find such problems as arising from industrial technologies. Therefore he argued progress is great of modernity, but if we make too much without limit and without end, then we will wreck our world, in effect the civilization is feeding on the whole biosphere and pouring waste into air, earth, water, the bodies of every living thing and especially ours. Now is our last chance to get the future right otherwise when progress becomes disaster, nature could fail worldwide and bring civilisation to its knees.
Reference:
Wright, R. (2006) “Seductions of progress”, The Advertiser, 4 March 2006, p. W03

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Class in Australia

Mccamish(2009) tells us Australian society has strata in another word ‘classes’ that Australian is the world’s fifth-most unequal developed nation. Even though Australians treat the outward trappings of class as a joke for example at the spring racing carnival, and in Australia people are free as well as caring about feelings as matters, but still classes are truly take place in Australians’ heart. It also has been shown in the various polls over the past decade that the inequality is growing in Australia. The contemporary perception that classes are also linked to changes in the way we’ve come to see society since the economic transformation of Australia began in the mid-1980. Australian egalitarianism has traditionally focused on equality of opportunities rather than outcomes. They also recognize that inequality can motivate people to strive, achieve excellence and educate themselves. Mccamish indicate in his article(2009) that even if Australians don’t attempt to divide people with classes, people will still need to find fairer ways of distributing opportunities to get ahead of another.
Reference:
Mccamish, T. (2009) ‘Whatever happened to the classless society?’, The Age, 16
August 2009. Sourced from http://www.theage.com.au/national/whatever-
pappened-to-the-classless-society-20090815-elt2.html – February 2010.

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Voice markers

Good academic writing involves putting ourselves into dialogue with others, it is extremely important that readers be able to tell at every point when we are expressing our own view and when we are stating someone else’s. To recognize such signal when they appear in the texts we read is an especially important skill when it comes to the challenging works assigned in University. When we are writing to readers, they need to be alert to the often subtle markers that indicate whose voice we as a writer is speaking in. to avoid confusion, make sure that at the very beginning our readers could clearly tell who is saying what. In order to do that we can alert reader about whose voice we are speaking in by embedding a reference to X’s argument in our own sentences. Embedded references allow us to economize our train of thought and refer to other perspectives without any major interruption. In ways if writers fail to use voice-marking devices, then their summaries of others’ views tend to become confused with their own ideas. Thus getting in the habit of using voice markers will keep us from confusing our readers and help alert us to similar markers in the challenging texts we read.
Reference:
Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein – They Say, I Say: The Moves that Matter in
Academic Writing. NY: Norton, 2006.

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The Chinese astrology and the western astrology

We all have noticed that Chinese and western people have the different living habit, we come from different parts of the earth, and our different culture make us have the different believes. The Chinese birth data relies most on the lunar calendar which is based on the calculation of the cycles of the moon and the theory of five productive elements (metal, wood, water, fire and earth). That is also why Chinese New Year falls on a different date every year. Western astrology is largely based on the construction of a horoscope for an exact moment, such as a person’s birth, in which various cosmic bodies are said to have an influence. The zodiac is the belt or band of constellations through which the Sun, Moon, and planets move on their journey across the sky. Over time they developed the system of twelve signs of the zodiac, based on twelve of the constellations through which the sun passes throughout the year. So as we can see that the Chinese astrology depends on the year of the person born in the lunar calendar, and the western astrology is more specific which depends on the birthday of the person in the solar calendar.

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Story of Chinese Astrology

A long time ago people did not know how to count the years and they asked the jade Emperor for help, Jade Emperor then decided to hold a competition through the forest for crossing the river on his birthday. The first twelve animals would have a year named by them to make up the new year calendar. The news was announced to all animals. At that time the cat and the rat were good friends. So they decided to help each other, but they worried about they may sleep in, the cat told the rat: “I’m afraid of the water.” The ox worried about he can’t see the direction when he’s swimming in the water, but he’s an early riser. The rat said “why don’t we help each other. Ox can wake us up, and we can hop on your back, help you to see the direction of you” The water ox agreed. On that day of the race when the ox arrived half way across the river, the rat woke up and realized that the cat would certainly come first as he’s a fast runner so the rat pushed him into the river. When the ox nearly arrived to the finishing line, the little rat jumped off the ox and ran happily towards the finish line, won the race before the ox arrived second. Next was the tiger, and then little rabbit. The dragon which was certainly the fastest but had to go to the east to make rain came fifth. The snake and then horse were next, follow by the goat, the monkey and rooster shared a tree trunk to cross the river. The dog came eleventh. Jade Emperor said “guess who’s going to be the last one?” By the time, a very fat pig came running in, he was the last one. When the twelve animals were celebrating, the cat finally arrived, after he found he was too late for the race he said to the rat “I will never forgive you!” He tried to catch the rat for revenge. That’s why to this day; cats always catch rats and mice to eat.

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Western astrology

Western astrology was founded in the 2nd century. It was revived and extended into Europe in the middle Ages. There are twelve signs: Aries (The Ram), Taurus (The Bull), Gemini (The Twins), Cancer (The Crab), Leo (The Lion), Virgo (The Virgin), Libra (The Scales), Scorpio (The Scorpion), Sagittarius (The Archer), Capricorn (The Sea-goat), Aquarius (The Water Bearer), Pisces (The Fish). These twelve signs are divided into four elements fire, earth, air and water. Fire and air signs are considered masculine, while water and earth signs are considered feminine. Most western astrologers use the tropical zodiac beginning with the sign of Aries (The Ram) and always on or around March 21 of each year. Every constellation has its own fairy tale and their own signs to present their differences, these signs come from how the groups of the stars look like. Someday we will always find these stars which present the constellation in the sky

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Use of the Chinese and western astrology

Even though we have different astrology, but it’s just different believes, Chinese and western believers all use their own astrology in the same way. For example newspapers often print astrology columns, which purport to provide guidance on what challenges might be found in a day, a month, or a year. Or every beginning of the year astrologers will publish the guidance to predict how all these twelve types of person will be affect on their luck in the new year and what kind of lucky stuff that will help to hold their luck, in no matter the Chinese animals or the western signs way. There’s a difference, Chinese people will use the astrology before the marriage, elders will help the bride and broom to ask the astrologers for guidance, for example are these two type of person will be happy, and what to do will help these two type of person to stay in happiness and healthy in their marriage. And these all relies on which years that the bride and broom were born. We also have example that Chinese people using western astrology in the modern days. Therefore it doesn’t matter which astrology we believe in, what we need to remember is to respect each other and each other’s believes.

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